Nabarangpur, also known as Nabarangapur or Nowrangpur, is a town and a municipality in Nabarangapur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the headquarters of Nabarangpur district. Nabarangpur district is situated at 19.14’ latitude and 82.32’ longitude at an average. There are three Post offices in this town. One MDG near bus stand with facilities for IMTs, E-Payment, Speed Post, etc. Totally computerised one. elevation of 1,876 feet above sea level. The old girder bridge over the Indravati River was recently replaced with a new one. Culture: Mondei is a local festival being widely celebrated in the Nabarangpur District. The word Mondei is derived from the Hindi word ‘Mondi’ which means a small market. This festival is celebrated by a large number of people worshiping a common deity among pre- historic rituals. Fair and entertainment activities with folk dances and tribal opera can be seen for the whole night in the festival. Mondei is usually celebrated after harvesting of crops. The festival is observed at different popular locations throughout the District gathering men and women of the area and far off.There are various Socio-cultural organisations which play a vital role in spearheading the cultural activities of the Nabarangpur district.
Nabarangpur district was created on 2 October 1992 out of a previous subdivision of Koraput District. Until then Koraput District had been the second largest district in India. The history of Nabarangpur is inextricably interlinked with that of Koraput District, with which it shares its language, lifestyle, heritage, flora and fauna and climate.
Koraput belonged to the Atavikas, a feudatory of the powerful Kalinga Empire (Ancient Odisha) who valiantly fought the Kalinga War in the 3rd century BCE. Kalinga regained its former glory during the Mahameghabahan Dynasty in the first century BCE. The third king of this dynasty Kharavela made the Kalinga empire and the Atavika land was very strong under his rule. The successive dynasties – the Satavahanas (2nd century CE), Ikshvakus (3rd century CE) had headquarters at Pushkari, near the modern town of Umerkote. The Kesaribeda excavations bear testimony to the rule of King Bhabadatta Varma and King Arathapati. The inscriptions of Podagarh refer to king Skandavarma. The overlord Nala kings are traced to the kings who ruled from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh. Their rapid growth landed them in the Odia regions of Bastar and Koraput. Around the 10th century CE a Nala king Bhimesen was ruling over a region now located in Koraput and Ganjam District.
The Koraput area including present-day Narabangpur District was a small principality of Tri Kalinga under the Ganga era of the 5th century CE. The patches of Utkala, Kalinga and Kosala were brought under the control of the Ganga kings of Odisha. This dynasty became prominent during the 11th century CE with the rise of Somanakshi. Their suzerainty extended from the modern Sambalpur, Sonepur to the Bastar and Koraput regions and they enjoyed control until the beginning of the 14th century CE.
The Matsya family ruling over the Oddadi region of modern Jeypore dominated the next generation. The best-known kings included Bhanudeva and Narasingha Dev, as is known from the Odia inscription of Simhachalam in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh.
The next dynasty belonged to the Sailavansis, who ruled over Vindhya during the 14th century CE. The earliest king Ganga Raju was ruling over Nandapur, a former capital of the Maharaja of Jeypore. Nandapur is famous for the throne of 32 steps erected in the line of king Vikramaditya of Ujjain. Jainism and Shaktism grew side by side in the kingdom of Nandapur.
ROAD AND TRANSPORT:-
Nabarangpur is connected to almost all major cities and towns by road. Although it is not covered by railway line it has a Railway Reservation counter for Advance booking near the private bus stand. Nabarangpur is linked with bus services with major cities like Visakhapatnam, Raipur, Jagdalpur, Bhubaneswar, Brahamapur, Cuttack, Bhawanipatna.
>Ramesh Majhi gears bats for Railways in Nabarangpur-Malkangiri
>Nearest Railway station: Jeypore,(Umuri railway Station) (45 km), Kesinga (150 km) Raipur (320 km)
>Nearest Airport: Visakhapatnam (260 km), Raipur (320 km), Bhubaneswar (537 km)
Nowrangpur is part of Nowrangpur (Lok Sabha constituency).
CULTURE AND TRADITION:-
Bhotra, Gond, Kandha , Paraja , Odiya, Hindi, Telugu are the mainLanguages spoken in the District.
Art and Culture
Nabarangpur District is rich in cultural diversity Rinjodi, Dhemsha, Sailodi, Gond, Geet Kudia, Ghumura , Dandari , Madhia etc are the Folk dance forms which are the way of life of the Tribals. These dances depict the simple and hassalfree life of the Tribals.
The ageold Handicraft
in lac is the unique that testify exemplary craftsmanship. The toys, Boxes, pedestals of Hindu Gods and Goddesses , Puja Articles and other decorative masterpieces depict the glorious tradition in the field of Art. And Crafts. Dhanaya Laxmi ( Goddess Laxmi with pedestal ) is a unique Craft in paddy carried on by the artisans of Dabugam area. Earthen works of Tondaguda near Papadahandi and Dabugam also testify exquisite craftsmanship.
Rinjodi,, dhemsha, Sailodi, Gond, GeetK udia, Ghumura, Dandari, Madhia etc are the folk dances in which male and female Tribals take part with enthusiasm amidst melodious song and beat of drums in the back ground. These dances depict the simple, traditional and Cultural rich life of the Tribals.
Literary Trends and Trendsetters
Not only Nabarangpur is rich in Art and Culture, but also equally rich in literature. Poet pandit late Manjughosh Tripathy, Poet late Tripurary Tripathy , English Translator of Bhatriharies Trisatakes- Late T . Simadri Raju, Tribal Lyrical playwright and Director late Chaitan Bishoi , Poet Bhagirathi Patra etc depict the literary prowess of our District.
- Mosque near RCD High School
- Maa Bhandar Gharani Temple(On NH 26)
- Lord Jagannath Temple(On NH 26)
- Nabarangpur Mosque(Near Gandhi Chhak)
- Church(Near Nowrangpur Police Station)
- Bada Shiva Mandira: Shiva Temple(Near Municipal high school)
- 1008 Sri Adhinath Digamber Jain Temple
Papadahandi 12 Kms away from Nabarangpur is famous for Shaiva shrine and historic antiquity Sahid Stamba. A Large number of devotee visits this tourist place on the day of Shivaratri, Kartika Purnima and Sravana Purnima.
Papadahandi is 12 Kms away from Nabarangpur. One can reach Papadahandi by hiring taxis from Nabarangpur. Regular bus services are available to Nabarangpur from major cities of Orissa.
Maa Bhandargharani of Nabarangpur is the presiding deity of the locality. The name signifies the preserver of wealth and protector of lives. She is also worshipped in nearby villages. Tuesday and Saturday are marked for special worship. Devotees throng the temple precincts on every conceivable occasion to seek blessings. The temple, Situated in the heart of Nabarangpur in front of old palace beside NH 201. Bhandar gharani is an ancient deity worshipped as per non vedic rituals. The Ghata Yatra, one of her main festivals,is observed every year in the month of April with great enthusiasm among people of the whole District.
Chandan Dhara is a natural waterfall situated in Jhorigam Block 90 KM away from Nabarangpur.The place is also remarkable for a natural Shiva Lingam. Chandan Dhara is an ideal location for outings and picnic. Chandan Dhara is about 100 Kms from Nabarangpur towards Umerkote via Jharigaon. Regular bus services are available to Nabarangpur from main cities of Orissa. One can reach Jeypore railway station from major cities of Orissa. And form there Nabarangpur can be reached by bus. Taxi or auto rickshaws are to be hired from Nabarangpur to go to Chandan Dhara.
The Sahid Smruti Stamba :
The Sahid Smruti Stamba is situated at the bank of the river Tuni near Papadahandi. During Quit India Movement on August 24, 1942, 19 freedom fighters died while fighting with British soldiers during the march towards Dabugam under the leadership of Madhab Pradhani.
Hirli Danger is situated at Gandhinagar of Nabarangpur town, where an ancient statue of lord Tirupati found and being worshipped. Near to Hirli Danger Kusumjhar reserve is situated. This place is famous for its scenic beauty and is a suitable place for a picnic. District Administration has constructed watch towers, Park at the hill top, to facilitate the same.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nabarangpur one of the country's 250 most backwards districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backwards Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). RTC deposits - 02