Nuapada is a city in the western region of Odisha state of eastern India. It is the headquarters of Nuapada district. Nuapada district was carved out of the undivided Kalahandi district on 27 March 1993. Situated on the western border of Odisha with Chhattisgarh. The district is part of Odisha both linguistically and culturally.
The District of Nuapada was a part of Kalahandi District until early March 1993, but for administrative convenience, Kalahandi District was divided into two parts — Kalahandi and Nuapada. Nuapada District now comprises one sub-division Nuapada, five tehsils (Nuapada, Komana, Khariar, Sinapalli and Boden) and five community development blocks (Khariar, Sinapalli, Boden, Nuapada and Komna).
CULTURE AND TRADITION:-
The language spoken in Nuapada is a mixture of Oriya and Chhattisgarhi dialect. Although it is a district headquarters, the culture is predominantly rural and agrarian. Nuapada has often been in news for alleged instances of starvation deaths in nearby places like Komana, Boden and Sinapali. Betting and country liquor is a common pastime for the local people as the place does not have any modern entertainment avenue. There is no cinema, theatre or sports facility in Nuapada.
The most famous personality of Nuapada is Ghasiram Majhi, who has been a four-time Member of Odisha Legislative Assembly from Nuapada constituency.
Khariar is one of the major towns of this district. It is also the largest town in this district. Khariar is a major transportation hub in Nuapada District as people from the three blocks namely Boden, Sinapali and Khariar depend upon the mode of transportation available in Khariar. Though Khariar is not connected by rail, it is well connected by roads. The major roads passing through Khariar are NH 353, SH 16 etc. The southern part of Nuapada district depends upon Khariar for most of the activities.
On the bank of the river, Jonk is a place of uncommon scenic charms. Engirdled on all sides by green-clad hills. It holds in its bosom and irrigation project and culture dating back to the pre-Christian era at Manikgarh.This is the Dam site of the Upper Jonk Irrigation Project situated at a distance of 20Km from the Dist Hqr. This place is also famous for YOGESWAR TEMPLE. This place has the potential of a tourist centre in future. There is a lot of scope for Boating in the Reservoir of the U.J.I.P. It has also been planned to start the Dist Museum and Pantha Nivas at the Dam site.
Budhikomna houses the famous temple of Pataleswar made of bricks in pancharatha style unique in the state. A connoisseur of art and architecture finds immense pleasure in observing the different facets of this place. It is also a popular pilgrim centre in the locality.
The Devagiri hill rises to a height of 120.2 meters. Unlike other hills, it is not narrower upwards. The top of the hill is a flat platform of rectangular plan, which can be approached only from the northern side. There are 476 steps which are the unique feature of the Devagiri. At the top of the hill, there are perennial poles of water called Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Bhargavi and Indradyumna.
On the left of the dam down the slopes of hill sprawls a replica of the Brundaban Garden. Recline on the velvety grass and enjoy nature in its aesthetic form. Just below the dam, a flora fountain in the making. The sprinkling water within a flowering ring presents a splendid sight. Colourful ling add its beauty at night and oldy goldy music gives immense relief to tired tourist.
It is a nice spot in the bosom of nature with a perennial spring, the water of which is considered as sacred as that of the holy Ganges. Local people perform their obsequies in the downstream. Legend would have it that Rama, Laxman and Sita visited the spot during their exile where Sita felt thirsty. Laxman pierced the ground with his arrow occasioning the birth of the spring. On the day of solar eclipse and lunar eclipse. People here gather in large number to take their bath in the holy water.
Due to the conspicuous absence of any industry, the economy revolves around agricultural activities. Three major irrigation projects — the Upper Jonk, the Sunder dam, and the upcoming Lower Indira Irrigation Project — provide support to 45,000 acres of land. Rice is the main crop in the entire district. Other crops like corn (maize), cotton, and onion make up a major share of crops under cultivation. More than 10,000 households migrate to other states in search of better employment opportunities every year after the harvesting season is over. Though the district is tops in MGNREGS implementation, the advance provided by labour contractors before Nuakhai festival lure ignorant labourers into the plot.Due to unregistered and uninformed migration protection of migrant labourers has become a challenge to the government. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nuapada one of the country's 250 most backwards districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backwards Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF)